Episode 023 of BSDNow is up, with an interview of Ted Unangst about the new signing mechanism in OpenBSD, a NTP server tutorial, and of course more.
Probably because of the C-state changes, Sepherosa Ziehau wants people to use a new set of sysctls instead of the hw.cpu_mwait* ones – at least on x86_64. This won’t affect you if you aren’t already familiar with them, probably.
It’s now possible to reach deeper power-saving C-states with DragonFly, thanks to work from Sepherosa Ziehau. It’s possible to have it auto-adjusted by setting two sysctls.
I put in the application for Google Summer of Code 2014, for DragonFly. Will we get in for a 7th year? I hope so!
(I still want more mentors; contact me if you’re interested.)
I managed to miss this because of reasons: BSDNow is running a contest. Come up with a tutorial that can be used ‘on-air’, and you can win a custom-made pillow showing the boot screen of the BSD of your choice. It’s bizarre but cool.
Edit: the body text of the contest notes that the contest ends January 31st. Hmm… might be too late for a winning entry.
I already asked this question on kernel@, but I’ll repeat it here. Who is interested in mentoring for DragonFly, for Google Summer of Code 2014? The org application period is starting today, and it would be neat to do this for a seventh year in a row.
Lots of randomness this week. That’s great!
- Facial animation, then and now, and now. (via)
- accessmaincomputerfile.net. Some of these are real, or at least made with ‘real’ parts. (via)
- Writing more maintainable shell scripts. (again, Bash-specific.)
- Nancy Householder Hauge’s stories about working HR for Sun Microsystems relatively early in the life of the company: parts one, two, three, four, five, six. (via)
- The Descent to C. C programming for people not used to C. Written by the fellow responsible for PuTTY. (via)
- Access Windows through SSH. It’s confusing.
- It’s not a bug, it’s a… (found via)
- The Magic of Strace. (via)
- SSD Reliability. Not really a statistics-based study.
- The Lost Ancestors of ASCII Art. It goes far deeper than you’d expect.
- Related: ‘ascii art’ tagged on Tumblr. (via)
- Amiga nostalgia, via the Apple app store.
- Why I like Java. This is perhaps the best description of the language I’ve seen.
For once, I got this mostly done before late Friday night!
- OpenBSD on the Beaglebone Black.
- DiscoverBSD’s January 28th roundup.
- Automated FreeBSD Panic Reporting. More people need to do this.
- A report from the n2k14 OpenBSD hackathon.
- New to me: CHERIBSD. Capsicum, implemented in hardware, is a rough summary.
- Python is going to 3.x by default in pkgsrc.
- OpenSSH 6.5 is out.
- PC-BSD 10 is out. (release announcement)
- FreeBSD Foundation Fundraising Final.
- Sendmail is moved to 8.14.8, and bmake to 20140101 in FreeBSD.
- NetBSD has announced several 5.x and 6.x patch level changes.
- Crazed Ferrets in a Berkeley Shower, 2014 Edition.
There’s been periodic commits updating the USB4BSD support in DragonFly; I haven’t been linking to them because they are generally incremental. However, it’s good to (re?)mention just how you can build DragonFly with that new USB support.
xf86-video-intel-2.21.15 should now work on your DragonFly system. I don’t see it in dports, yet, though.
Recent updates to tzcode apparently fixed a long-standing time zone bug in DragonFly. POSIX says the America/New_York timezone is picked as default if nothing else has been selected. That didn’t happen in DragonFly – until recently. If your timezone seemed to suddenly jump to U.S. Eastern time, that’s because you never picked before.
There’s a (rescheduled) BSD installfest happening in an impromptu fashion at Suspenders Bar in New York City, tonight at 6:45. You can also buy tickets for NYCBSDCon there, for less than the online price since it’s direct. There’s another chance to buy them for less on Wednesday at Ear Inn, nearby. (See first link for details.)
Finally, a relatively quiet week.
The Occultation of Relations and Logic: Exposing the Hidden Meaning from within Shadows and Unix Command Lines. Piped shell commands seen as a set of relations. This is the most analysis I’ve ever seen of a command line. (via) Also related.
Perl Secret Operators. (via)
As a followup on last week’s Curse of the Leading Zero link, Thomas Klausner points out Python 3.0 explicitly stopped reading leading zeros as the prefix for octals.
The current Humble Weekly Sale (through the 31st) is all roguelikes. Dunno how many of them run on non-Windows. though.
Back to relatively normal volume, this week.
- FreeBSD 10 is out.
- OpenBSD got electrical funding, and is now holding a funding drive.
- new openssh key format and bcrypt pbkdf. A new key format for OpenSSH, and how to switch to it – only available in OpenBSD as of this writing.
- I did not know this: There’s a pfSense store, with shirts, preloaded USB sticks, and various appliances – I have one of the Netgate FW-7541 models, notable in that I’ve never had to do anything with it after initial setup; it just runs and runs. There’s a pfSense hangout/webcast for paid support customers this Friday the 24th, too.
- Open Source FreeBSD 10 Takes on Virtualization. From a saved Google search.
- Undeadly has an explanation of the new signed packages setup for OpenBSD.
- DiscoverBSD’s 2014/01/14 roundup.
- FreeBSD now has OpenSSL 1.0.1f.
- NetBSD now has a wscons/Intel GMA driver.
- PC-BSD 10 is almost out, and here’s their weekly digest talking about it. Also, apparently PC-BSd and GhostBSD share some installer code? I’m not clear on this.
- CBSD – FreeBSD jail management. (via)
- Slides and audio from Brian Callahan’s recent OpenBSD presentation at NYCBUG are up.
- OpenBSD has a qla(4) driver, for Qlogic fiber channel HBAs, and ubcmtp(4), a Macbook touchpad driver.
Brad Fitzpatrick showed up on the users@ list and mentioned that for DragonFly to be supported in Go, it needed to show up in the Go Dashboard with building reports. I now have the Go builder running on pkgbox32/pkgbox64.dragonflybsd.org. Check the builder page to see status.
Note: Installing the port of Go from Dports works just fine; this is the mechanism for testing Go on a per-commit basis for the people who work on Go – so a ‘fail’ notice on the builder page doesn’t necessarily mean anything, unless you are developing Go itself. This may already be clear to you.
I missed this for the “In Other BSDs” section yesterday, so I’m adding it today. It’s time dependent. BSDCan 2014 is happening May 14-17 at the University of Ottawa, with those first two days being tutorials. If you want to get a paper in, you have to do it today.
The Internet overfloweth with good links, lately. Nothing this week that requires a lot of reading, but plenty of things to click. Enjoy!
- The “Basket of Remotes” problem. An area where standards are never applied.
- Dice portraits. I like the images. (via)
- Who made that dial tone? (via a mailing list)
- Simple Git workflow is simple. (via)
- Bunnie Huang talks about his open laptop project, Novena. (mentioned here before.) They sound really neat, but I can imagine you need to be ready for a certain amount of manual work.
- Speaking of machines, Michael W. Lucas got a beefy new desktop system from iXsystems, which is is not a product they advertise… but it makes sense if you want to run a BSD.
- How I built a Raspberry Pi Tablet. Here’s how the author did it. It wasn’t cheap or easy. (via)
- A History of Programming Games, 1961-1989. Not games programming, but games where you program robots as part of the game. I remember being horribly confused by Robotwar on the Apple ][. (via)
- You use SSH keys, don’t you? If not, read this primer.
- On compiling 34 year old C code. Getting Unix V7 ed/sed working. As the article points out, “ed is already using a legacy interface in 1979.” (via)
- Most pedantic bug ever. (via somewhere on Twitter, of all places)
- Also on Twitter: I am devloper.
- Facebook is launching a newsfeed reader. I agree with the person who originally posted this link – it’ll probably be a one-way street where Facebook scarfs up content from the rest of the web via RSS, but everything on Facebook will stay locked away.
- I am looking forward to replacing my Windows desktop with a non-Windows tablet – it’s getting closer.
- Remember: if it’s not on a drive that is in your physical possession, it’s not really yours.
- The curse of the leading zero.
- The Hidden Backdoors to the City of Cron. (re)Infection via cron. (via)
- The Internet is better referred to as “the Stacks”. It’s 5 companies, and everything revolves around what they do. That end-of-2012 article is talking about Google, Apple, Facebook, Amazon and Microsoft… though Microsoft seems to be on the way out. Anyway, startups plan for buyout these days, which should tell you that it’s easier to take cash from one of a few large companies than try to compete with them, however indirectly.
I’ve got a buildup of convention dates to mention, so I’ll do it now: John Marino, one of the folks behind dports, is talking about Ada and BSD at FOSDEM, in Brussels, February 1-2. George Neville-Neil is talking about BSD to NYLUG in of course New York City, on I think February 13th. Ike Levy will be talking to the Tokyo FreeBSD Benkyokai Group, on February 17th, about pfSense. And of course, NYCBSDCon is happening February 8th, and I think I’ll be there.
I didn’t even need to find source links this week.
- Do you have a VAX laying around? Cool! Now, can you give/lend it to OpenBSD?
- Along those lines, anyone have a Cray they don’t need? I don’t care if it works. It has to be full-size, though. (via)
- I found out that the RetroBSD site now lists hardware that runs RetroBSD. Here’s a video of something doing just that. There’s more of it on little teeny boards. Someone build this into a watch.
- The DiscoverBSD roundup for 2014/01/14. DiscoverBSD also has a new writer, Nur Agus.
- Complexity of FreeBSD VFS using ZFS as an example. Part 1. There’s a nice VFS explanation in there, too. (via)
- Some OpenBSD videos from ruBSD.
- Here’s a good explanation of OpenBSD’s new signify tool.
- FreeBSD 10.0 is tagged.
- PC-BSD 10 is also almost ready.
- Unscrewed, a story linked in last week’s BSDNow presentation, in case you missed it.
- Using Ansible to fix the recently-discovered NTP amplification attack - on BSD.
- I assume he’s flying.
With everyone buying tablets lately, the low end of computers is getting pretty low-cost indeed. Creating single-purpose computers is possible, and I was thinking of doing that to create a Go-testing system. (Though probably not necessary for me.) It got me to thinking, though…
How low-cost a system could run DragonFly? The master-slave and low system requirements of Hammer lead to some interesting possibilities. There’s no Arduino equivalent for DragonFly because there’s no DragonFly on ARM, despite all my wishing. DragonFly has been run on Soekris systems before, and might work on a PCEngines ALIX board. Ebay, my basement, or Craigslist are options too, but not as fun. Who has suggestions?
If you want to test out the latest (20131218) update to ACPICA, Sepherosa Ziehau’s got a patch for you.
This will be good for anyone who wants to use less electricity. (updated to reflect this doesn’t enable deeper C-states as I thought it did.)
The OpenBSD Project (Foundation?) needs to pay a large electrical bill for their hosting location. I had mentioned this in a weekend BSD report just before the end of 2013, but the problem is still there and deserves a special mention. It’s possible to contribute directly, or to the I-assume-nonprofit-so-tax-deductible-for-many-people OpenBSD Foundation. You can set up a low but reoccurring Paypal payment for the Foundation, which would be probably unnoticeable for you but very helpful for the organization.
Even if you aren’t booting OpenBSD on anything, you’re using a technology that came out of that project – OpenSSH, pf, your dhcpclient, etc; or using 3rd-party software that received fixes from OpenBSD work. Putting dollars towards this software development is one of the more effective things you can do with your money to help open source.
I didn’t post this before, and should have: Matthew Dillon posted a summary of all the trackpad improvements he added, and how to make use of the various features.
There’s a lot this week, so let’s get started:
Unix: 14 things to do or stop doing in 2014. These tips are actually useful and contain no buzzwords.
TrewGrip, another item in my quest for interesting keyboards I don’t use.
4043 bytes to recreate a mid-80s IBM PC. There are less bytes of data in the program than there were transistors in the CPU that it emulates. It can run MS Flight Simulator. It was for the International Obfuscated C Code Contest, which should surprise you not at all. (via)
The World’s Most Pimped-Out ZX81. I don’t think it can run Doom, though.
Technology used to suck even when it was cutting-edge, and we’ll still feel that way in the future. (via)
Able to be turn on, and that is it. Sci-fi movies ignore where technology comes from.
True Nuke Puke Story. My mine coworkers once did something similar to a copier repairman; got him so worried about going underground that he had a panic attack when he had to step on the hoist. We had to get a new repairman.
Running late putting this together… Back to bullets!
- The weekly PC-BSD digest for January 3rd.
- DiscoverBSD’s weekly roundup.
- PC-BSD’s weekly digest.
- Jailing FreeBSD 4 on FreeBSD 10. FreeBSD 4 has been a very long-lived release, so to speak.
- OpenBSD has a new auto-install feature that needs to be tested.
- Julio Merino has plans for his test suite on FreeBSD, and will be giving a tutorial on it at AsiaBSDCon 2014.
- OpenBSD has a new ‘signify’ program for cryptographically signing and verifying files.
- Ingo Schwarze has been implementing various optimizations for mandoc in OpenBSD. gprof helps.
- FreeBSD has updated netmap.
- python-3.2 is probably going to be removed from pkgsrc; it’s redundant to all the other versions.
- FreeBSD’s gcc version is being made more compatible to clang by incorporating some Apple changes.
BSDNow episode 19 is up, titled “The Installfest“. They install DragonFly along with other BSDs, and I haven’t even looked at it yet.
Markus Pfieffer has committed Larisa Grigore’s Google Summer of Code work, “SysV IPC in userspace”. It’s been a bit since the event finished, but it’s in DragonFly now.
For those of you near the NYC area, there’s a NYCBUG meeting tonight at 7 Eastern, with Brian Callahan giving a security-focused crash course in OpenBSD. Tickets for NYCBSDCon 2014, happening on February 8th, are going to be available there for the first time, starting at 6 PM. (and cheaper if you buy in person, too.)
If you want to track the bleeding edge of DragonFly, which is currently version 3.7, I happened to describe it in a reply to Filippo Moretti, on users@. Long-time users will know this/do this already, but it’s worth repeating just because new users may not realize how easy it is.
The holiday break for most people at the end of the year translated to a lot more material showing up now. We all benefit!
The Postmodernity of Big Data. I don’t know about the text, but I like the punchcard images.
Eventually, will every program have its own internal upgrading and management code? It seems like it.
New Year’s Resolutions for Sysadmins. Some of these resolutions look forward, some look backward.
Things are picking up again after the break.
- Faces of FreeBSD: Isabell Long. Note that she came in via Google Code-In. That’s the value of those programs.
- OpenBSD: Randomness, sooner.
- OpenBSD’s change to PIE for i386 means special upgrade procedures – if you’re on i386. Also, here’s PIE. atexit(3) changes also changes the upgrade method this one time for… all platforms? I’m not sure.
- The DiscoverBSD roundup for 12/31/2013.
- The FreeBSD Test Suite. It’s similar to what NetBSD has, but see the source link for comments on what’s different. DragonFly has a test setup too, though I’ve never tried it – is there one for OpenBSD?
- Pkgsrc-2013Q4 is branched.
- FreeBSD has improved NFS performance.
- NetBSD has updated libpcap, tcpdump, wpa, bind, and dhcpcd.
- OpenBSD has updated xterm, glproto, and some other xenocara parts.
Last of the year! You’ll want to take some reading/watching time this week.
Can you be arrested for what’s on your computer? Yes, of course.
Making SSH connections easier. If you don’t know it, you should.
Digital restoration and typesetter forensics. Brian Kernighan, Ken Thompson, and Joe Condon reverse-engineering hardware because the vendor won’t reveal how it works – in the 1970s. The letter to the vendor is hilarious. The story of how it was recovered, also linked there, is a good read, too. (also via)
Console Living Room; more old game systems resurrected via JSMESS. First reaction was that it was neat, second reaction: these old games were horrible, compared to what we have now. (via multiple places)
We’ve run out of closed-source things to re-implement as open source, and now we’re reinventing the open-source wheel.
How open source changed Google – and how Google changed open source. Their open source group is essentially about license compliance, not evangelism. That is the way it should be. The last paragraph about Summer of Code is spot-on. (via)
Readers of a certain age will recognize the global vector map theme. (Here’s more.) It makes me think of the old Apple ][ game, NORAD. (incidentally, I was way better at it than the player in that video.)
Again, quiet from the holiday break.
- strlcpy/strlcat users, a rundown. The buffer overflow problem is suprisingly widespread. (via)
- The PC-BSD Digest for 12/20 and for 12/27.
- The DiscoverBSD weekly summary.
- Faces of FreeBSD: Kevin Martin.
- FreeNAS 9.2.0 is out. (via)
- OpenSMTPD, a project I’ve always meant to look at more, has been updated.
- BSD Magazine for December 2013 is out. The RSS feed for them/their newsletter is no longer working, cause I had to find out here.
- ruBSD talks about OpenBSD are online.
- There’s new support in NetBSD for that old Amiga.
- You may need to update your OpenBSD packages.
- NetBSD’s smbfs is now an import from FreeBSD.
- NetBSD has updated ACPICA and OpenPAM.
BSDNow has a new episode for Christmas; this contains an interview with Scott Long of (among other things) Netflix.
Here’s how my upgrade from DragonFly 3.4 to 3.6 for this server went.
The system install went normally. I rebooted before performing ‘make upgrade’, as noted in UPGRADING and elsewhere.
I already have dports installed, so a binary upgrade should be possible. I had heard of people with older version of pkg, having trouble getting it to notice upgrades. I rebuilt pkg, and ran ‘pkg upgrade’. A number of the updates coredumped. Here’s one example:
[156/160] Upgrading gtk2 from 2.24.19 to 2.24.19_2...Segmentation fault (core dumped)
After the upgrade, I had two problems: PHP wasn’t working for the website, and some programs would segfault.
The random segfault was fixable by forcing a binary upgrade of all packages. Since there were some programs on the system that were still new enough that the version number was the same as on the remote repository, pkg didn’t upgrade them. Those packages were linked against old versions of system libraries that predated the locale changes in DragonFly 3.6, so they’d crash. Forcing the update for all packages fixed the issue.
The other problem, PHP on the web server, is not new to me. The binary package for PHP does not include the module for Apache. The solution is to build from source with that option selected. I understand that pkg is destined to support (some?) port options in the future. There’s also an immediate workaround for locking it.
However, the port would not build because of a security issue. The binary package installed without any warning. This, I am told, will change to pkg giving you the option to install if you are aware of the security problem, and whether it really affects you. (which is just what I want, yay!)
Anyway, other than the system changes biting me because I didn’t realize some packages weren’t updated, it went very quickly. That is the reason for binary updates through pkg, or at least a major one.
Still quiet out there, but I found some good reading.
Another Perl One-Liners review.
Vim plugins you should know about. From that One-Liners author.
Speaking of Perl, here’s a Larry Wall interview. An old-school hacker – he wrote patch, too.
Moonpig: a billing system that doesn’t suck. An in-depth review of system design. More Perl, too.
Three Books You Should Read… Mostly BSD content.
Your unrelated comics link of the week: Cookie Puss.
Odds and ends for the quieter holidays.
- Hubert Feyrer spotted this video interview of Amitai ‘schmonz’ Schlair about NetBSD.
- OpenBSD has tmpfs.
- PC-BSD has made it through a pkg upgrade.
- pkgsrc is frozen until at least the end of the month, for pkgsrc-2013Q4.
- OpenBSD wants to shift electrical costs. (via)
- The DiscoverBSD weekly roundup.
- Managing custom ports. (can apply to dports too)
- Building tcsh on 4.3BSD-Quasijarus. This led me to…
- 4.5BSD. An ambitious project.
- A pfSense video review.
- Steryana Shopova is this past week’s Faces of FreeBSD.
- OpenBSD had a head start on not trusting RNGs.
- OpenBSD has a new vioscsi(4) driver.
- Michael W. Lucas’s books are available through OpenBSD.
- FreeBSD Kitten. (via NYCBUG)
As you can kinda sorta guess from the show title, BSDNow 16 is about encryption.
One of the things noted there that I hadn’t heard of is that FreeBSD ports is getting a ‘stable’ branch for the first time – I suppose I need to read even more mailing lists.
Things are very quiet this week; I’ve had nothing to post for some days – DragonFly or even for other BSDs. The end of the year has most people distracted, I think. This makes it a good time to bring up something that’s been bothering me: the state of software firewalls in BSD. The pf utility is a BSD advantage; I’ve heard people say “I used iptables on Linux and pf is a much better alternative.” I know that’s anecdotal, but there it is. Here’s the question, and the reason I’m writing this: which pf?
DragonFly has a version of pf equivalent to what was shipped in OpenBSD 4.4. FreeBSD has a version equivalent, I think, to OpenBSD
3.8 4.5′s pf, and it has been further modified. NetBSD has a similar, older pf, but there’s people working on a NetBSD-specific version called npf, which isn’t yet ready. And of course, OpenBSD has its version of pf. If you feel good about these different alternatives, you call it divergence. If you don’t feel good about it, you call it fragmentation.
Compare this to OpenSSH – it works the same on each platform. There’s no confusion on how to configure it, or interoperability problems. It would be wonderful to have the equivalent for pf, where other BSD platforms would import a portable version. This software firewall is a strength, and it’s much easier to tout it when there’s only one.
I doubt there’s a way to bring it all back to one source tree. There’s a lot vested in the different forks out there. You know what would take a lot less effort: a compatibility test suite. Agreeing on a common syntax and set of functions would make life easier for every end user. It would incidentally make vendors a lot happier, too. Even if a user or vendor wasn’t hoping to move between BSD flavors, a test suite would still guarantee a certain known level of functionality for any BSD release.
How likely is this? I don’t know. But I want to bring up the notion before it gets missed. Now is a good time, with each pf version still being relatively close to one another.
Update/note: Henning Brauer is willing to help.
Halfway to Christmas; time to buy presents if you haven’t already!
DragonFly on Hacker News. I haven’t read through the comments fully.
The Meaning of “Doom”. This article makes a very good point; Doom was one of the first game that encouraged user participation in the creation of the game. Not the creation when it was first made, but the endless recreations as mods. It’s sort of the same mechanism as open source, but as an activity and not a license.
Alphabet of the Obsolete. Also known as “Things my children don’t know and don’t care about.”
The Development of the C Language. Dennis Richie was good at telling stories about some otherwise very dry subjects; his histories are enjoyable. Maybe you have to have a certain kind of temperament or interest to really like them. (via)
The Birth of Standard Error. It was a smelly typesetting machine where it first started. (via EFNet #dragonflybsd)
“Did you see that interstitial? It was dope!” (via I forget, sorry)
Your unrelated animated gif of the week: Happy talking boat.
Another week where I could get away without any commit links, just cause there’s so much BSD stuff out there.
- Randomness changes in FreeBSD. Saw commits before, but this is a good summary. (via)
- Cipher changes summary for OpenBSD.
- The DiscoverBSD summary.
- Faces of FreeBSD for this week: Brooks Davis.
- PC-BSD’s weekly summary.
- FuguIta, an OpenBSD liveCD.
- The FreeBSD Foundation’s Semi-Annual Newsletter. There’s details on the FreeBSD Journal.
- Also, that newsletter links this first of 4 BSD whitepapers.
- The FreeBSD Challenge on linuxcauldron.com – a 30-day challenge.
- BSDCan 2014 has issued a call for papers.
- So has NYCBSDCon 2014. Here’s the announcement of NYCBSDCon 2014 itself, and flyer.
- Note to self: investigate cheap bus trips to New York City.
- The IP-Plug, a NetBSD-powered wall wart. The article goes into terrific detail.
- Ruby in pkgsrc will be (apparently?) defaulting to version 2.0.
- robotpkg, a specialized fork of pkgsrc that I didn’t know about.
- PC-BSD is going through lots of changes to support pkg. (that’s one of many commits.)
- FreeBSD has added newcons.
BSDNow episode 15 keeps the pun titles going. Josh Paetzel is apparently replaced by Santa Claus in the interview? There’s also FreeNAS coverage, and lots else.
ISA device support is really gone. Well, except for keyboard and some spots where it can’t be be removed. I don’t think I’ve even seen an ISA card in some years…
BSDNow episode 14 is up – and actually has been for a few days; I’ve been on the road. There’s an interview with George Wilson about OpenZFS and a bunch more stuff I haven’t had a chance to watch yet. (see previous note about being on the road.)
I had a sometimes-great, sometimes-difficult trip to New York City over the past few days, and while I was there, I met the ball of energy that is George Rosamond of NYCBUG (which is having a huge party right now.) He and I talked for a bit about various aspects of the BSD ecosystem, and one thing he noted was that people aren’t generally aware of all the licenses in use for the different software packages on the system, or even the individual licenses in the system files.
There is an ACCEPTABLE_LICENSES setting in pkgsrc, where software licensed under terms not in that list won’t install. That’s useful, but frustrating, because it keeps people from getting what they asked for – a software install. Something that would be useful – and it could be cross-BSD very easily – would be a license audit summary.
There’s meta-data on every package in FreeBSD’s ports and DragonFly’s dports and pkgsrc and OpenBSD’s port system. Why not say ‘pkg licenses’ in the same way you can say ‘pkg info’, and get a summary of the licenses you have installed in the system? (or pkg_licenses, etc. You get the idea) This wouldn’t prevent people from installing software, but it would give a very quick view of what you were using.
> pkg licenses
Software package License
foo-2.2.26 Apache license
It could be extended to the base system, but I’d like to see this in all the packaging systems as a common idea, in the same way that ‘info’ in a packaging command always shows what’s installed.
Links are a bit rushed this week cause I’ve been on the road, but here you go.
From the same place: The ARPANET IMP Program: Retrospective and Resurrection. Recreating the entire Internet, when the Internet could be summed up as a list of 5-6 locations.
How ALL CAPS and punctuation is now used to communicate mood. Communication methods still tied down by ASCII, and then UTF-8.
Your unrelated comics link of the week: There are more comics and illustrated works out there than there ever have been. A decade ago, I could buy a few art comics and a reprint each month and feel like I was keeping up. Now, it’s like a firehose of minicomic, self-published books, and prestige reprints that completely refreshes every week. The Comics Reporter 2013 Holiday Shopping Guide is huge but barely touches on it all. Read through and order something you aren’t familiar with; I can almost guarantee there’s several items in there you’ve never heard of.
Happy birthday to me!
- Is Your Stack Protector Working? On Undeadly, so it’s OpenBSD.
- ChaCha20 and Poly1305 in OpenSSH. (via)
- The next PC-BSD 10.0 image is available.
- Reid Linnemann is the latest in the Faces of FreeBSD series.
- NetBSD has updated file.
- FreeBSD’s iwn(4) driver has some updates (also in DragonFly).
- FreeBSD now has casperd, for controlling access to out-of-sandbox capabilities.
- FreeBSD’s oce(4) driver now supports 40Gb devices. (yay for manufacturer support)
- FreeBSD has Hyper-V drivers.
- OpenBSD’s ifconfig now shows the NWID, channel, and BSSID for IBSS networks.
- OpenBSD has updated to pixman 0.32.4.
- pkgsrc’s 2013Q4 freeze will start on the 16th.
- How old is who? (Don’t tell me 900 years.)
- There’s a broken builds list for pkgsrc-2013Q4 for anyone who wants to help.
- Hacker News had a link to the FreeBSD version of the BSD Family Tree, which is not unique, but the comments led to some interesting links, like this story of an 8-year NetBSD uptime.
- FreeBSDNews’s summary.
- All the AsiaBSDCon 2013 videos. (Last week’s link was just OpenBSD ones.)
- FreeBSD authentication against Samba 4 LDAP. I’m going to need this for the DragonFly machine I’m setting up in the same role at work… in my copious spare time.
No Starch Press noticed that I keep talking about Michael W. Lucas’s BSD-related books, and I’ve linked to Peteris Krumins’s catonmat site before, so they sent a copy of Krumins’s new “Perl One-Liners” book to me.
Here’s the hook for me: Perl was the first language I wrote a program of any real use in. Years ago, I had the Perl Cookbook. It was a pretty simple formula, where I’d have a problem. I’d look it up in the Perl Cookbook. If there was already a recipe that matched what I needed, I was set. I ended up having to stuff the book into a binder because the spine broke.
This reference is essentially what the Perl One-Liners book is, though this is less about programming and more about the solution you need right now. The book realizes this and it’s laid out like a menu. Flip through the index to find your problem, and then type the answer. The book even includes a link to a text file that you can copy down and grep for answers – I won’t link to it because it’s not mentioned on the author’s page, though he does include example chapters.
It’s not about learning Perl, and it’s not about technique – these are one-liners, after all. If you are doing the sort of thing Perl excels at, like text mangling, this will be a book full of tools for you. I think the author is going to continue in this style; he’s done a lot of one-liner articles and even some previous e-books.
Probably a good idea to make this disclaimer: As with other books, I get no reward for this review, unless you count me having another book in the house. That’s more of a problem than a benefit for me.
Rett Kent has volunteered for maintaining i386 support under dports. Good luck! 3rd-party software management is difficult.
This post from Konrad Neuwirth asking how to do a minimal installation of DragonFly led to this list of all the ‘knobs’ you can set to make your installation smaller, from John Marino. (And your buildworld faster, if that’s appealing to you.) I also pointed at rconfig and PFI, which are criminally underdocumented.
Now that I’m going into more descriptive detail with these, I’m going to try without the bullet points. It’s less of a Wall Of Text that way.
Things I Wish Someone Had Told Me When I Was Learning How to Code. Really, very good advice. (via)
‘vr’ mentioned the Space Cadet and Symbolics Macivory keyboards in comments for last week’s Lazy Reading keyboard links. I didn’t know what they were, so searching around found me this Symbolics keyboard image (the model itself is apparently dearly missed)and the inevitable Wikipedia Space Cadet entry. I also found this study of keyboards that mentions some other ‘special’ modern models I’ve heard of in passing – Das Keyboard and Happy Hacking models.
Also found as part of that search: one man’s quest to get his own Lisp Machine. That appears to be about 10 years old, so my guess is that you’d go for emulation these days.
Sorting information that isn’t quite numeric. This bites everyone sooner or later.
The death and life of great Internet cities. “Whatever we may ultimately make of our move towards sites like Facebook, it’s almost certainly the case that, for the average netizen, it was a movement away from online literacy.” An excellent article about how communities are no longer built online – at least not through social networks. (via)
Farming hard drives: 2 years and $1m later. Data-driven analysis of hard drive prices, and how they’ve recovered poorly from the Thailand floods. I always like it when a company takes data from doing something on a large scale – something very few people are doing or could do – and releases it. (via)
Systems Software Research is Irrelevant. Rob Pike pointing out how the system ecosystem was becoming monocultural. It’s over 10 years old, so some of the problems have changed. The interesting thing is to look at it and see which parts were identification of upcoming trends. (via)
DragonFly 3.6 video review. This person doesn’t realize the shell is tcsh, not bash, and it really, really messes him up. I had to stop watching about 6 minutes in. (via blakkheim on IRC)
Your unrelated link of the week: The Church of the Subgenius is selling 2-for-1 deals on ordainment. It’s really a legal ordainment, too, at least in the U.S. You can perform weddings, funerals… circumcisions? Not sure about the legal restrictions on that, and maybe I don’t want to know. Anyway, you get an entertaining pack of literature which you can take either completely seriously, or not at all.